Cancer is the disease of the cells present in the body. There are different types of cancer. Some forms of cancers can easily be diagnosed but some are so complex that they are hardly discovered and this makes their treatment a problem.
Causes of Cancer
Causes of Cancer
Sometimes cells become abnormal which occurs due to the one or more genes in the cell becomes damaged. Cancer can be caused by the abnormal cells. We all have the risk of having cancer due to the risk factors which are tobacco smoke and workplace chemicals. Smoking is the major factor of developing cancer of lungs, mouth, throat, oesophagus, bladder and pancreas. If we are working with chemicals such as asbestos, benzene, formaldehyde, etc without protection then the risk of cancer can be increased. As we grow older the risk of cancer increases because the cells present in the older bodies are weak and can do less defence. Radiation, infection and immune system can develop the risk of cancer in the body.
Diagnosis of Cancer
Cancer can be suspected from different symptoms such as lump under the skin, or an enlarged liver. The doctors then referred for different tests such as X-rays, scans, blood tests, endoscopy, bronchoscopy, etc, depending on the place where the cancer is suspected. Through biopsy cancer can also be diagnosed. It is the process of removing the effective tissue from the body. Then it is examined under the microscope to detect the abnormal cell. Sometimes it is easy to get the tissue from the upper skin of the body and it is often difficult to get the tissue from the deeper skin and it may require specialized procedure and equipments.
How can cancer be cured?
Treatment for different cancer varies from another. There are three most common steps of cancer treatment which are surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In surgery the effective part is being removed. In chemotherapy the cancer can be cure through pills which are able to stop multiplying the cancer cells. In radiotherapy the cancer is diagnosed through radioactive radiations. This may kills the cancer cell or stop them from being multiplied. Now there are more methods to treat the cancer. It includes bone marrow transplant, hormone therapy, immune therapy, gene therapy and special techniques.
Nowadays cancer can easily be diagnosed and treated. Development in technology and science made the process of diagnosing cancer easy. We should plan a better eating menu so that we can gain all the vitamins, calcium, iron and all other minerals having antioxidants which may protect against the chemicals to enter in the body. We should eat more fruits and vegetables and avoid the fatty foods to avoid the risk of cancer. We should have emotional feelings with the patients and should not feel that they are separate from us. We should encourage them so that they can face all the hurdles and difficulties coming in their future life. Cancer may also return so one should try to go through regular checkups.